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All Hail The MIGHTY MUSHROOM!

You either LOVE them or HATE them … And in our House, we probably take love to another level by having them most days. They add unique flavours and textures to vegetable dishes, and are delicious paired with fresh herbs. Combining mushrooms with onions, green and cruciferous vegetables and beans, creates delicious, healthful, and powerfully protective meals. But how does this Fungus that springs up above the ground actually benefit us? And, is it true that a regular consumption of Mushrooms decreases Cancer risks? Well, let me dive a little deeper for you …

Mushrooms Help Strengthen Our Immune System

Mushrooms has a phytochemical known as ‘Beta-Glucan, which can enhance the activity of several different types of immune cells including natural killer cells which attack and destroy virus-infected and even pre-cancerous cells. With regular consumption of mushrooms, the immune-enhancing properties of the fungus and shown to aid the body to increase the efficiency of attacking infectious cells and developing tumours.

Mushrooms and Preventing Cancer

Zhang M, Huang J, Xie X, et al, conducted a study to see if the Dietary intakes of mushrooms and green tea combined reduces the risk of breast cancer in Chinese women. The finding showed that frequent consumption of mushrooms, has been linked to a 64 percent decrease in the risk of breast cancer. But why? Well, White Button Mushrooms, and Portobello Mushrooms are thought to protect against breast cancer in particular, because they inhibit an enzyme called Aromatase, which produces Oestrogen. Now, it’s not just Breast Cancer that Mushrooms are shown to prevent. Mushrooms contain specialized lectins that recognise cancer cells, and prevent the cells from growing and dividing.  In addition, White, Cremini, Portobello, Oyster, Maitake, and Reishi Mushrooms each contain a number of bioactive compounds with the potential for anti-cancer activity. These Mushroom phytochemicals have numerous anti-cancer effects that have been studied in relation to stomach, colorectal, breast, and prostate cancers.

 

 

 

References:

  • Borchers AT, Krishnamurthy A, Keen CL, et al: The Immunobiology of Mushrooms.Exp Biol Med 2008;233:259-276.
  • Vannucci L, Krizan J, Sima P, et al: Immunostimulatory properties and antitumor activities of glucans (Review).Int J Oncol2013;43:357-364.
  • Akramiene D, Kondrotas A, Didziapetriene J, et al: Effects of beta-glucans on the immune system.Medicina (Kaunas)2007;43:597-606.
  • Zhang M, Huang J, Xie X, et al: Dietary intakes of mushrooms and green tea combine to reduce the risk of breast cancer in Chinese women.Int J Cancer 2009;124:1404-1408.
  • Grube BJ, Eng ET, Kao YC, et al: White button mushroom phytochemicals inhibit aromatase activity and breast cancer cell proliferation.The Journal of nutrition 2001;131:3288-3293.
  • Cao QZ, Lin ZB: Antitumor and anti-angiogenic activity of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides peptide.Acta pharmacologica Sinica 2004;25:833-838.
  • Patel S, Goyal A: Recent developments in mushrooms as anti-cancer therapeutics: a review.3 Biotech 2012;2:1-15.
  • Martin KR, Brophy SK: Commonly consumed and specialty dietary mushrooms reduce cellular proliferation in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells.Exp Biol Med 2010;235:1306-1314.

 

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